About Bangladesh


National Flag:

National Emblem:


Official Name: Gano Projatontri Bangladesh.
Short form: Bangladesh.
International long form: The People’s Republic of Bangladesh.

ISO Country Code:

bd, bgd.


Local Time = UTC+6h (BST).

Country Calling Code:


Capital City:


Administrative Divisions:

Barisal (9.7 million), Chattogram (34.7 million), Dhaka (42.6 million), Khulna (18.2 million), Mymensingh (13.5 million), Rajshahi (21.6 million), Rangpur (18.9 million), Sylhet (12.5 million).


Type: Parliamentary democracy.
Independence: 26 March 1971.
Constitution: 1972.


Location: Southern Asia, bordering the Bay of Bengal, between India and Myanmar.
Area: 147570 km² (56977 sq. mi.).
Terrain: Mainly flat alluvial plain, with hills in the northeast and southeast.


Semitropical, monsoonal; mild winter (October to March); hot, humid summer (March to June); humid, warm rainy monsoon (June to October).


Nationality: Bangladeshi(s).
Population: (2022 Census) 165 million. [Male: 81.7 million, Female: 83.3 million].
GDP per capita: $ 2723.
Ethnic groups: Bengalis 98.2-99%, tribal groups, non-Bengali Muslims.
Religions: Islam 91.04%; Hinduism 7.95%; Christianity 0.3%, Buddhism 0.61%, others 0.12%.
Languages: Bangla (official, also known as Bengali), English is widely used.
Literacy: 74.66%.

Natural resources: 

Natural gas, lignite coal, limestones, ceramic, clay and glass sand, arable land, timber.

Agriculture products: 

Rice, jackfruit, jute, tobacco, sugarcane, pulses, oilseeds, spices, potatoes, vegetables, bananas, mangoes, coconut, tea and wheat.


Garments, jute, cotton, textile, tea, paper, newsprint, cement, fertilizer, sugar, engineering, electric cables , leather, fish.


Commodities: Garments, knitwear and hosiery (80% of exports revenue), agricultural products, frozen food (fish and seafood), jute and jute goods, leather.
Partners: US 17.45%, Germany 15.18%, UK 9.45%, Spain 6.17%, France 4.97%, Italy 3.44%, India 3.29%, Japan 3.00%, Canada 2.96%, Australia 2.06%, Others 32.04%.


Taka (BDT).