About Bangladesh



Official Name:
Gano Projatontri Bangladesh
Short form: Bangladesh
International long form: The People’s Republic of Bangladesh

ISO Country Codebd, bgd

Local Time = UTC +6h
Actual Time: Wed-Nov-18  16:47

Country Calling Code: +880

Capital City: Dhaka (pop. 12 million, metro area)

Other Major Cities:
Chittagong (2.8 million), Khulna (1.8 million), Rajshahi (1 million), Mymensing, Comilla, Barisal, Sylhet.

Type: Parliamentary democracy.
Independence: 26 March 1971.
Constitution: 1972.

Location: Southern Asia, bordering the Bay of Bengal, between India and Myanmar.
Area: 144 000 km² (55 813 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Mainly flat alluvial plain, with hills in the northeast and southeast.

Climate: Semitropical, monsoonal; mild winter (October to March); hot, humid summer (March to June); humid, warm rainy monsoon (June to October).

Nationality: Bangladeshi(s).
Population: (2017) 164 million.
GNI per capita PPP: $ 1,998 (year)
Ethnic groups: Bengali 98%, tribal groups, non-Bengali Muslims.
Religions: Muslim 88.3%; Hindu 10.5%; Christian 0.3%, Buddhist 0.6%, others 0.3%.
Languages: Bangla (official, also known as Bengali), English is widely used.
Literacy: 54% for males; 32% for females; a total of 43% literacy.

Natural resources: Natural gas, lignite coal, limestones, ceramic, clay and glass sand, arable land, timber.

Agriculture products: Rice, jackfruit, jute, tobacco, sugarcane, pulses, oilseeds, spices, potatoes, vegetables, bananas, mangoes, coconut, tea and wheat.

Industries: Garments, jute, cotton, textile, tea, paper, newsprint, cement, fertilizer, sugar, engineering, electric cables , leather, fish.

Exports – commodities: Garments, knitwear and hosiery (80% of exports revenue), agricultural products, frozen food (fish and seafood), jute and jute goods, leather

Exports partners: US 13.9%, Germany 12.9%, UK 8.9%, France 5%, Spain 4.7% (2015)

Currency: Taka (BDT)

(Source: Ministry of Foreign Affairs Bangladesh)